christoph willibald gluck werke

Quoted and translated by Heartz 1988, p. 521, who cites and provides the French original: "Gluck à Paris en 1774". L'œuvre séduit l'empereur François Ier qui en ordonne la reprise l'année suivante au Burgtheater où elle connaît le succès. Gluck s'intéresse alors beaucoup à ce genre – il le traite librement, à la manière française y ajoute ouverture et airs. B. Locatelli. After his opera Antigono was performed in Rome in February 1756, Gluck was made a Knight of the Golden Spur by Pope Benedict XIV. The other major event of Gluck's stay in Prague was, on 15 September 1750, his marriage to Maria Anna Bergin, aged 18 years old, the daughter of a rich (but long-dead) Viennese merchant. C'est de cette collaboration que va se concrétiser une réforme radicale de l'opéra ; il en découlera plusieurs des œuvres majeures du compositeur. Gluck a ainsi pu influencer le jeune Mozart, qui, quelques mois plus tard, allait faire créer son oratorio Betulia liberata, dont l'ouverture reprend le même concept. There his first opera, Artaserse was performed on 26 December 1741, dedicated to Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun. As well as Salieri, they included Sacchini, Cherubini, Méhul and Spontini. [2][3], Gluck's father, Alexander, was born in Neustadt an der Waldnaab on 28 October 1683,[5] one of four sons of Hans Adam Gluck who became foresters or gamekeepers. By that time, Gluck created musical drama, based on Greek tragedy, with more compassion, influencing the latest style Sturm und Drang. Symphonie für 2 Hörner und Streicher 7’ Previously Viewed Works. News . Christoph Willibald, Ritter [chevalier] von Gluck (et non Glück) est un compositeur bavarois d'opéra de la période classique, né à Erasbach, dans l'électorat de Bavière, le 2 juillet 1714 et mort à Vienne, dans l'archiduché d'Autriche, le 15 novembre 1787. Heartz 1988, p. 517; Croll & Croll 2014, p. 13. [2] In 1713 Alexander built a house in Erasbach and by 12 September had taken possession of it. Durazzo, en mettant le compositeur en relation avec le poète Ranieri de' Calzabigi va largement contribuer à la concrétisation de ce projet. [13] He was baptized Christophorus Willibaldus on 4 July 1714 in the village of Weidenwang,[14] a parish that at that time also included Erasbach. Christoph Willibald von Gluck (1714-1787) : œuvres (1 714 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) ... Christoph Willibald von Gluck, Sein Leben und seine Werke, dargestellt von August Reissmann. Usually, it is mentioned Gluck had several strokes and became paralyzed on his right side. La première œuvre à naître de cette collaboration et qui marque donc le point initial de la « réforme » est Orfeo ed Euridice créé le 5 octobre 1762 à Vienne. Christoph Willibald Gluck | Partition chef d'orchestre | Boutique en ligne de musique en feuilles de Stretta Music. There is a plaque on the side of the house which reads: "Hier wurde am 2.7.1714 der Komponist Christoph Willibald Gluck geboren" ("Here was born on 7/2/1714 the composer Christoph Willibald Gluck"); see a. Croll & Croll 2014, p. 15. In my homeland everyone is musical; music is taught in the schools, and in the tiniest villages the peasants sing and play different instruments during High Mass in their churches. La famille de Christoph Willibald Gluck est originaire du Haut-Palatinat bavarois. [57] In 1781, he brought out a German version of Iphigénie en Tauride. [4] The family name Gluck (also spelled Gluckh, Klugh, Kluch, etc.) Ces ouvrages joués à l'origine aux foires Saint-Germain et Saint-Laurent à Paris et qui sont à l'origine de l'opéra comique, circulent en effet à Vienne où ils rencontrent les faveurs du public. Il entre au service du prince Lobkowitz en 1736. À la fin de l'année 1752, Gluck revient à Vienne et s'y installe définitivement. Gluck tried to achieve a noble, Neo-Classical or "beautiful simplicity". Prod'homme 1948 (1985), p. 20; Howard 1995, p. 1; Croll & Croll 2014, p. 18. Only in the 19th century did scholars begin using it to distinguish the composer from his father's brother Johann Christoph, born in 1700, whose baptism had earlier been confused with that of the composer. 20–21, cited by Heartz 1988, p. 525. First came a commission to produce an opera for Pillnitz, performed by Pietro Mingotti's troupe, to celebrate a royal double wedding that would unite the ruling families of Bavaria and Saxony. Under the teaching of Gluck, Marie Antoinette developed into a good musician. The opera was performed on 4 November at the Teatro di San Carlo, and the world-famous castrato Caffarelli took the role of Sextus. Gluck had gruff ways, demanding strict adherence from the cast when rehearsing. The years 1747 and 1748 brought Gluck two highly prestigious engagements. [42] Gluck seems to have spent most of 1751 commuting between Prague and Vienna. Though he was extremely popular and widely credited with bringing about a revolution in French opera, Gluck's mastery of the Parisian operatic scene was never absolute, and after the poor reception of his Echo et Narcisse (1779), he left Paris in disgust and returned to Vienna to live out the remainder of his life. C'est dans cette dernière ville qu'est créé devant la Cour son opéra-sérénade La Contesa dei Numi le 9 avril 1749. Puis en 1776 est créée la version française de Alceste qui à l’instar de Orphée et Eurydice est profondément remaniée par rapport à la version italienne originale. He insisted that the chorus, too, had to act and become a part of the drama – that they could no longer just stand there posing stiffly and without expression while singing their lines. Elle prend fin en 1779 avec le succès d'Iphigénie en Tauride. [58] In 23 March 1783 he seems to have attended a concert by Mozart who played KV 455, variations on La Rencontre imprévue by Gluck (Wq. His reforms influenced Mozart, particularly his opera Idomeneo (1781). Ce succès marque la carrière du musicien - il incite en effet le directeur du Théâtre de la Cour Giacomo Durazzo à le nommer comme compositeur. Cette œuvre est le premier véritable ballet d'action dans l'histoire de la musique. Iphigénie en Tauride (1779) was a great success and is generally acknowledged to be his finest work. Cet opéra marque une étape importante dans l'évolution stylistique de Gluck. Il est en outre l'auteur de plusieurs ouvrages théoriques consacrés à l'opéra et dans lesquels, il prône notamment une « régénérescence de l'opera seria » italien. Quoted and translated by Heartz 1988, pp. En 1774, Gluck arrive à Paris où il décide d'appliquer sa réforme à l'opéra français et, dans la même année, donne Iphigénie en Aulide qui remporte un grand succès. Symphonie. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 29 juin 2020 à 20:52. Vers la fin de l'année 1749, à Prague, Gluck quitte la troupe des Mingotti pour se faire engager dans celle du nouveau directeur du théâtre de cette ville : J. [6] Alexander served in a contingent of about 50 soldiers under Philipp Hyazinth von Lobkowitz, the son of Ferdinand August von Lobkowitz, during the War of Spanish Succession,[7] and, according to Gluck family tradition, rose to the level of gunbearer to the great general of the imperial forces, Eugene of Savoy. To get to her goals she was assisted by the singers Rosalie Levasseur and Sophie Arnould. Contrairement à certaines affirmations, il se ne rend pas à Londres en passant par Paris, où il aurait connu, Haendel dira à cette occasion que Gluck maîtrise moins bien le. Fusing the traditions of Italian opera and the French (with rich chorus) into a unique synthesis, Gluck wrote eight operas for the Parisian stage. The timing was poor, as the Jacobite Rebellion had caused much panic in London, and for most of the year, the King's Theatre was closed. Le 9 février 1756, Antigono est créé à Rome à la suite d'une commande – le succès de cette œuvre vaut à son auteur les titres de « comte palatin de Latran » et de « chevalier de l'Éperon d'or ». Music: universal, national, nationalistic". On this occasion Gluck's music was completely original, but the displeasure of the court poet, Metastasio, who called the opera "archvandalian music", probably explains why Gluck did not remain long in Vienna despite the work's enormous popular success (it was performed 27 times to great acclaim). Gluck quitte alors définitivement la capitale française. his wife in Perchtoldsdorf, famous for its wine (Heuriger). La mélodie de l'air « Je n'aimais pas le tabac beaucoup » est reprise dans le dernier mouvement de la, Discography of American Historical Recordings, International Music Score Library Project, querelle des Gluckistes et des Piccinnistes, Liste des œuvres de Christoph Willibald Gluck, Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale, Répertoire international des sources musicales, Portail du Saint-Empire romain germanique, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christoph_Willibald_Gluck&oldid=172468301, Chevalier de l'ordre de l'Éperon d'or et de la Milice dorée, Article contenant un appel à traduction en allemand, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la musique, Portail:Saint-Empire romain germanique/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. For the Prague Carnival of 1750 Gluck composed a new opera, Ezio (again set to one of Metastasio's works, with the manuscript located at the Lobkowicz Palace). En 1717, la famille de Gluck quitte Erasbach et s'installe en Bohême, où son père exerce la fonction de maître des Eaux et Forêts – profession traditionnellement exercée dans la famille Gluck. Gluck suffered from melancholy and high blood pressure. In the same year, Gluck returned to Vienna, where he was appointed composer to the imperial court (18 October 1774) after 20 years serving as Kapellmeister. [34] Gluck's first biographer, Anton Schmid, wrote that Gluck grew up in a German-speaking area, and that Gluck learned to speak Czech, but did not need it in Prague and in his later life. He wrote Le cinesi for a festival in 1754 and La danza for the birthday of the future Emperor Leopold II the following year. Puis le 8 décembre 1756 est créé à Vienne Il re pastore. In 1745 Gluck accepted an invitation from Lord Middlesex to become house composer at London's King's Theatre, probably travelling to England via Frankfurt and in the company of the violinist Ferdinand Philipp Joseph von Lobkowitz, the son of Phillip Hyacinth. Il se fait engager dans la troupe ambulante d'opéra italien des frères Mingotti, avec laquelle il entame une tournée européenne trois ans durant. Ces deux opéras remportent chacun également un franc succès mais sont aussi le point de départ d'une controverse entre les tenants de Gluck et ceux de la musique italienne qui acceptent mal cette francisation de l’opéra italien. In 1761 Gluck produced the groundbreaking ballet-pantomime Don Juan in collaboration with the choreographer Gasparo Angiolini; the more radical Jean-Georges Noverre was involved for the first time? Calzabigi wrote a preface to Alceste, which Gluck signed, setting out the principles of their reforms: Joseph von Sonnenfels praised Gluck's tremendous imagination and the setting after attending a performance of Alceste. On 2 September 1771 Charles Burney visited Gluck, living in Sankt Marx. Hierzu gehören neben dem Notentext und dessen textkritischer Kommentierung umfangreiche Informationen zur Werkgeschichte und zur zeitgenössischen Rezeption. He obtained additional employment in the vicinity of Weidenwang in 1715 as a forester in the service of Seligenporten Monastery, and after 1715, also with Plankstetten Abbey. Read Christoph Willibald Von Gluck: Sein Leben Und Seine Werke (Classic Reprint) book reviews & author details and more at … À la fin de l'année 1746, Gluck quitte l'Angleterre et retourne en Allemagne. Il donne peu après une version française de Orfeo ed Euridice qui devient ainsi Orphée et Eurydice. Le nozze d'Ercole e d'Ebe, a festa teatrale, borrowed heavily from earlier works, and even from Gluck's teacher Sammartini. Sammartini was not, primarily, a composer of opera, his main output being of sacred music and symphonies, but Milan boasted a vibrant opera scene, and Gluck soon formed an association with one of the city's up-and-coming opera houses, the Teatro Regio Ducale. The Alsatian painter Johann Christian von Mannlich relates in his memoirs, published in 1810, that Gluck told him about his early life in 1774. Gluck wanted to return opera to its origins, focusing on human drama and passions and making words and music of equal importance. The first result of the new thinking was Gluck's reformist ballet Don Juan, but a more important work was soon to follow. Il fait ainsi jouer son premier opéra, Artaserse (Artaxerxès), à Milan le 26 décembre 1741. 141–147. No previously viewed works . Nevertheless, Gluck composed an opera for each of the next four Carnivals at Milan, with renowned castrato Giovanni Carestini appearing in many of the performances, so the reaction to Artaserse is unlikely to have been completely unfavourable. C’est à cette occasion qu’éclate la querelle. [19], On 1 April 1722 Alexander Gluck took a position as forest-master under Count Philipp Joseph von Kinsky in Böhmisch Kamnitz, where Kinsky had increased his domains. Sa dernière mais non pas moindre composition dans le genre est La Rencontre imprévue ou Les Pèlerins de La Mecque créé le 7 janvier 1764 : cette œuvre – qui est en fait un véritable opéra-comique – ne contient en effet plus de vaudevilles et la musique en est donc entièrement originale. His later operas have half the length of a typical baroque opera. Christoph Willibald Gluck (Erasbach, 2. srpnja 1714.– Beč, 15. studenoga 1787. For other uses, see. For the remainder of 1748 and 1749 Gluck travelled with Mingotti's troupe, contracting a venereal disease from the prima donna and composing the opera La contesa de' numi for the court at Copenhagen, where he repeated his concert on the glassharmonica. Durante simultaneously declined to comment whether or not it was within the boundaries of the accepted compositional rules of the time. Contrairement à ce que donnent à croire certaines biographies[Lesquelles ? She learned to play the harp,[43] the harpsichord and the flute. Christoph Willibald, Ritter [chevalier] von Gluck (et non Glück) est un compositeur bavarois d' opéra de la période classique, né à Erasbach, dans l' électorat de Bavière, le 2 juillet 1714 et mort à Vienne, dans l' archiduché d'Autriche, le 15 novembre 1787. Son intérêt pour la musique va alors croissant. Franziska refused to marry Eugene of Savoy, accepted the next candidate Gian Gastone, who came to the conclusion Reichstadt was a boring place to live. Affecté par cet échec, Gluck retourne à Vienne. His musical heir in Paris was the composer Antonio Salieri, who had been Gluck's protégé since he arrived in Vienna in 1767, and later had made friends with Gluck. [35] Heartz writes: "More devious manoeuvres have been attempted by Gluck's German biographers of this [the 20th] century, while the French ones have, without exception, taken Salieri at his word. According to Croll & Croll, a different house, located in Weidenwang, also designated by many as Gluck's birthplace is well documented and was built about ten years after his birth. His greatest French admirer would be Hector Berlioz, whose epic Les Troyens may be seen as the culmination of the Gluckian tradition. Brown & Rushton 2001; Heartz 1988, p. 518. En 1748, Gluck reçoit la commande d'un opéra pour Vienne - il compose donc La Semiramide riconosciuta qui est jouée le 18 mai 1748 avec succès. Noté /5. The authenticity of the 1785 document has been disputed by Robl 2015, pp. Il sera surnommé plus tard le « Gluck de la danse ». For the first time this edition presents the complete works of the great operatic reformer Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714–1787) in a scholarly-critical edition based on modern editorial principles and drawing on all available sources. Born in the Upper Palatinate and raised in Bohemia,[1] In Vienna Gluck wrote a few more minor works, spending the Summer with Il a transformé l'opéra avec sa célèbre « réforme » visant à introduire le naturel et la vérité dramatique, et qui a notamment occasionné la querelle des Gluckistes et des Piccinnistes, qui l'opposa aux piccinistes, défenseurs de l'opéra italien, sans jamais toutefois le brouiller avec qui que ce soit. 524–525, citing. In Vienna, Gluck met like-minded figures in the operatic world: Count Giacomo Durazzo, the head of the court theatre, and one of the primary instigators of operatic reform in Vienna ; the librettist Ranieri de' Calzabigi, who wanted to attack the dominance of Metastasian opera seria; the innovative choreographer Gasparo Angiolini; and the London-trained castrato Gaetano Guadagni. Il y travaille successivement au service de Anne-Marie-Françoise de Saxe-Lauenbourg, grande-duchesse de Toscane (en 1717) à Reichstadt (actuellement Zákupy), du comte Kinský (en 1722) – l'une des plus prestigieuses maisons du royaume de Bohême – à Kreibitz, et du duc de Lobkowitz (en 1727 à Eisenberg (de)). Several composers of the period, including Niccolò Jommelli and Tommaso Traetta, attempted to put these ideals into practice (and added more ballets). The Chevalier de Saint-Georges : virtuoso of the sword and the bow. Il ouvre la porte au classicisme viennois dont il est le premier jalon significatif. Read Christoph Willibald von Gluck: Sein Leben und seine Werke book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. Christoph Willibald von Gluck (né en Bavière en 1714 - mort à Vienne en 1787), compositeur allemand en rupture avec le style italien et français de l’art lyrique. Mentionnons en outre que Paride esquisse déjà l'idée du leitmotiv, puisque la plupart des thèmes de l'ouverture sont entendus dans l'acte final, associés chaque fois à un élément dramatique (notamment la colère de Pallade). Achetez neuf ou d'occasion En 1731, Gluck s'inscrit à la faculté de philosophie de Prague. Copy at HathiTrust. [2] Gluck himself never used the name Willibald. Gluck, eine Biographie. [37] In fact, the music theorist Laurent Garcin, writing in 1770 (published 1772) before Gluck arrived in Paris, included Gluck in a list of several composers of Czech opéras-comiques (although such a work by Gluck has yet to be documented). The record of ownership from the time it was built to the present is unbroken, and, although the house has been remodeled and modernized, it is believed to retain much of its original appearance. Mit Portrait in stahlstich und Notenbeilagen (1882) Unsere Musikklassiker. There he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices for which many intellectuals had been campaigning. In Musikeditionen im Wandel der Geschichte, editde by Reinmar Emans and Ulrich Krämer (Bausteine zur Geschichte der … [16] Gluck's father had to reapply to retain his position and received no salary until after 1715, when he began receiving 20 gulden. The strong influence of French opera encouraged Gluck to move to Paris in November 1773. Howard 1995, p. 6; Heartz 1988, p. 522, citing Arnošt Mahler "Glucks Schulzeit. Gluck introduced more drama by using simpler recitative and cutting the usually long da capo aria. [17] He sold his house in August 1717 and voluntarily left Erasbach near the end of September to take up employment as head forester in Reichstadt, serving the Duchess of Tuscany,[18] the wealthy Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg, since 1708 separated from her husband Gian Gastone de' Medici, the last duke of Tuscany. Heartz 1988, p. 522; Brown & Rushton, 2001; Croll & Croll 2014, p. 24. Das Projekt „Christoph Willibald Gluck – Sämtliche Werke“ Ziel der Gluck-Gesamtausgabe (GGA) ist es, Glucks Gesamtwerk in einer historisch-kritischen Edition … [2][3] 'Rockenzahn' is believed to be Rokycany, located in the central part of western Bohemia (about 70 km southwest of Prague and 16 km east of Pilsen). Gluck crée à Pillnitz, résidence d'été de la cour de Saxe située aux environs de Dresde, le 29 juin 1747 Le nozze d'Ercole e d'Ebe (Le Mariage d'Hercule et d'Hébé) ; il s'y ressent l'influence de Johann Adolph Hasse et de Niccolò Jommelli. Il bénéficie en outre de la protection du prince de Saxe-Hildburghausen, favori de l'impératrice Marie-Thérèse, qui le nomme toujours la même année, chef de son orchestre privé ; il le nommera ensuite maître de chapelle. Bien qu’admiré par ses contemporains tels que Joseph Martin Kraus, Gluck met pourtant un terme à sa carrière. Christoph Willibald Gluck. Croll & Croll 2014, p. 18; Brown & Rushton 2001. The soprano Arnould was replaced. Gluck reste en Italie jusqu'en 1745, année de son départ pour Londres. [59], On 15 November 1787, lunching with friends, Gluck suffered a heart arrhythmia and died a few hours later, at the age of 73. According to one account, the Neapolitan composer Francesco Durante claimed that his fellow composers "should have been proud to have conceived and written [the aria]". [54] He left behind a flourishing school of disciples in Paris, who would dominate the French stage throughout the Revolutionary and Napoleonic period. À partir des années 1757/1758, Gluck – à la demande de Durazzo – arrange des comédies-vaudevilles françaises pour le théâtre de la cour. Das Projekt „Christoph Willibald Gluck – Sämtliche Werke“ Ziel der Gluck-Gesamtausgabe (GGA) ist es, Glucks Gesamtwerk in einer historisch-kritischen Edition für Wissenschaft und musikalische Praxis vorzulegen. On 14 April Gluck played on a glassharmonica in Hickford's Rooms, a concert hall in Brewer Street, Soho. On 29 September 1890[61] his remains were transferred to the Zentralfriedhof; a tomb was erected containing the original plaque.[62][63]. [25] A childhood flight from home to Vienna is included in several contemporary accounts of Gluck's life, including Mannlich's,[26] but some scholars have cast doubt on Gluck's picturesque tales of earning food and shelter by his singing as he travelled. William Christie & John Eliot Gardiner feature in this documentary on the operas of Christoph Willibald Gluck, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christoph_Willibald_Gluck&oldid=981707994, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, a more predominantly syllabic setting of the text to make the words more intelligible, Flute Concerto in G major (a version for violin exists) – doubtful. This time Gluck's work was better received by the Parisian public. The climax of Gluck's opéra comique writing was La rencontre imprévue (1764). Gluck brought Salieri to Paris with him and bequeathed him the libretto for Les Danaïdes by François-Louis Gand Le Bland Du Roullet and baron de Tschudi. During the Lauenburg war of succession (1690–1693) the Habsburg emperor banned Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg and her sister to Reichstadt and forced them to marry one of his generals in order to pay his debts to them. The Chevalier de Saint-Georges attended the first performance on 19 April; Jean-Jacques Rousseau was delighted with Gluck melodic style. Banat, Gabriel (2006). Most now feel it is more likely that the object of Gluck's travels was not Vienna but Prague. Il poursuit, sans doute également durant cette période, sa formation musicale. Suit le 17 octobre 1761, le ballet-pantomime Don Juan ou le Festin de Pierre également créé à Vienne et à la création duquel participe le chorégraphe Gasparo Angiolini. His German biographer Max Arend objected that not a single letter written in Czech can be found, to which Jacques-Gabriel Prod'homme countered that "no letters written by Liszt in Hungarian were known either, but does this make him a German? Gesamtausgabe, Partitur, Urtextausgabe. Christoph Willibald Gluck est un compositeur allemand né à Erasbach le 2 juillet 1714 et mort à Vienne (Autriche) le 15 novembre 1787. Although only half of his work survived after a fire in 1809,[64] Gluck's musical legacy includes approximately 35 complete full-length operas plus around a dozen shorter operas and operatic introductions, as well as numerous ballets and instrumental works. "[52] On 11 September Burney went to see Gluck to say goodbye; Gluck was still in bed, as he used to work in the night.

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